    How To

# A Step-by-Step Guide on How to Calculate GPA and CGPA in Pakistan 2023.

Hehe, CGPA is the most horrible thing for students worldwide. However, the students are studying abroad or in their countries.

CGPA is the toughest thing to face. And if you are a university student, you heard about or faced the CGPA.

CGPA is the most important thing of any degree, But it seems that you don’t know how to calculate CGPA in Pakistan.

Don’t worry. This article will share a complete tutorial on how to calculate the CGPA in Pakistan.

## GPA vs CGPA in Pakistan

### GPA

When you get admission to any 4 years program. Which means you have to spend 8 semesters there. And this means GPA ( Grade Points Average ) would be calculated after every semester and 8 times on a whole. So it is your semester performance, same as your school college results grade marks.

### CGPA

CGPA ( Cumulative Grade Points Average ) is also measured after every semester, but it seems to be the average result of your degree. Thus, the CGPA of your Degree reflects your overall score in the 4-year program.

It was a short introduction to the GPA and CGPA.

## How to Calculate GPA in Pakistan In 2023?

In every semester, your workload depends on the courses that you have opted for the semester. Moreover, there is a model to get the marks.

We used to have midterm exams, final exams, and class quizzes in school. Also, the teacher used to give us feedback and grades on our class participation.

Likewise, every university sets a criterion to calculate your GPA for the semester.

In some universities, the following criterion is used to calculate the marks/percentage of the student. Later on, every student is given a grade according to their marks/percentage.

In the end, the average grade score calculates the student’s GPA. So, the students must focus on many other activities rather than the university exams.

### 1: Know the Criteria to Score in Your Course

For Example

• Quizzes, Assignments, Class Participation, Project Presentation; 30%
• Mid-Term Examination; 30%
• Final Examination; 40%

### 2: Know the Grades on Respective Marks/Percentage

For Example

For Example

If you have opted 6 courses in a semester and you get the following result, according to the above grading system;

Take the average of grade points = (3.67+4+3+2.67+2+3)/6

GPA = 3.06

## How to Calculate CGPA in Pakistan In 2023?

CPGA is calculated after every semester because your performance changes every semester. Therefore, it is the average of your GPAs.

For Example

The average of 3.06 stays at 3.06, so the CGPA does not change in the first semester. However, later on, the second semester GPA was 3, and the average of 3.06 and 3 turns out to be 3.03. Furthermore, all the CGPAs are calculated.

So, the CGPA of a graduation degree would be 3.19.

## CGPA To Percentage Formula in Pakistan by HEC

Here are formulas to convert CGPA into a percentage in Pakistan by the Higher Education Commission.

## Percentage Of CGPA Formula in Pakistan by HEC

### For Total CGPA 5.0 Scale

Suppose students Got this 2.5 CGPA out of the 4.0 CGPA Grading Range. Then the Percentage of 2.5 CGPA should be 62.5%.

CGPA ( Cumulative Grade Points Average ) is also measured after every semester, but it seems to be the average result of your degree. Thus, the CGPA of your Degree reflects your overall score in the 4-year program.

CPGA is calculated after every semester because your performance changes every semester. Therefore, it is the average of your GPAs.

To find out your CGPA, use formula [ CGPA = Total Sum of (GPA * Credits) / Total Number of credits ]

## How is CGPA calculated in Pakistan?

In Pakistan, students’ academic performance is measured by calculating their CGPA (Cumulative Grade Point Average).

This is done by taking the average of the grade points achieved by a student in all their courses over a certain period of time, such as a semester or an academic year.

To calculate the CGPA, the following steps are usually taken:

1. Letter grades obtained in each course are converted to grade points according to the grading scale used by the institution. For instance, an A grade might be worth 4.0 grade points, a B grade might be worth 3.0-grade points, and so on.
2. The grade points obtained in each course are multiplied by the credit hours assigned to that course. This gives the quality points earned for that course.
3. The quality points earned for all courses taken during the specified period of time are added up.
4. The total number of credit hours taken during the specified period of time are added up as well.
5. Finally, the total quality points earned are divided by the total credit hours to obtain the CGPA.

For example, if a student takes four courses during a semester with different grades and credit hours, such as:

Course 1: A (4.0 grade points), 3 credit hours Course 2: B+ (3.3 grade points), 4 credit hours Course 3: A- (3.7 grade points), 3 credit hours Course 4: B (3.0 grade points), 2 credit hours

The quality points earned for each course would be calculated by multiplying the grade points obtained by the credit hours assigned to that course. For instance:

Course 1: 4.0 x 3 = 12.0 quality points Course 2: 3.3 x 4 = 13.2 quality points Course 3: 3.7 x 3 = 11.1 quality points Course 4: 3.0 x 2 = 6.0 quality points

The total quality points earned for the semester would be 42.3, and the total credit hours taken would be 12. Dividing the total quality points earned by the total credit hours taken would give the CGPA, which in this case would be 3.53.

## How to Use a Semester CGPA Calculator to Track Your Academic Progress?

1. Gather all of your grades and credit hours for each course taken in the current semester. You will need this information to input into the calculator.
2. Choose a reliable and accurate Semester CGPA Calculator. There are many free online calculators available that you can use.
3. Input the letter grade or grade points earned for each course, as well as the credit hours assigned to each course, into the calculator.
4. The calculator will automatically calculate your semester GPA and CGPA based on the information you input.
5. Review your results to see where you stand academically. If your CGPA is not as high as you’d like, you can use the calculator to determine what grades you need in future courses to improve your CGPA.
6. Use the Semester CGPA Calculator regularly throughout the semester to track your progress and ensure you are meeting your academic goals.